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ASL Scripture Dictionary

These are some of the words that those who know ASL have had trouble understanding as they read the scriptures. The words here in are not dictionary definitions. They are our attempt to make some of the Scriputre Language more understandable to a person who's first language is ASL. The list was first started by Anne Sorace from the Brooklyn New York Deaf branch. Then two New York Elders worked on it (if you know their names please send them to me so we can give them credit). It was then added to and refined by Sister Nichole Lindholm while serving in the Washington Tacoma ASL mission. The final touches have been added by Brad Holt who added the ASL suggested sign definitons enclosed in ( )'s. Any additional words or suggestions would be appreciated. Send to ===><===

It is best to print this list out. It is easier to use and you can then carry it with you.


~~~~~ A ~~~~~  
abandoned left, went away from, give up
abasing humbling, making worthless
abducted kidnapped, take captive, hold hostage
abhoreth do not like at all,(hateful)
abhorrence pull away from, hate, be disgusted with
abideth remain, (stay)
abode stay, live in home
abolish get rid of
abolished done away with, (destroyed)
abominable (sick in stomach), disgusting, sin, wicked, vile
abominations bad, rotten things people do, sins
abound lots of it
abridgment cut down (shorten), summarize
abroad all over
abundance (plenty), more than enough
abundantly lots of it, (plenty)
abused misused
abyss bottomless, canyon, hole
access the right to enter, come in
accomplish do. achieve
accomplished succeed, achieve
accord together
according (following), agreeing, related to
account (explain), story
accountable know and understand what they are doing, responsible
accusation said he had committed a crime, blame
accused (blame)
acknowledged accepted, know
acquired gained, received
adhere stuck to, follow
adieu good-bye, farewell
admonish to give strong advice, (warn)
admonitions warnings
adorn dress up, decorate
adulterous immoral, misusing good things
adversary Satan, (enemy), foe
advocate helper, support-person
advocateth helps, beg for you
affixed (chain reaction), fastened, attached, connected, set-up
afflict (problem), suffer, grief, test
afflictions tests, problems
afflictions problem, suffer, grief, trail, troubles, struggle, tests
affrighted scared
agency the right to choose, (free choice)
aggravating painful, uncomfortable, bothersome
agony great pain
allegory story in which people things and happenings have symbolic meanings, comparison
alliance treaty, contract
allotted given
allusions references
alms money, food, clothes, etc. given to poor people
alpha and omega in charge of everything from the beginning to the end
altered changed, made different
amid in the middle of
anguish sorrow, sadness
anti Christ one who teaches against Christ
anxiety (worry), grief, eagerness
apostasy going away from the truth
apparel (clothing)
appease satisfy
appeased stopped
appellation name
applied really tried
apprised told about
aright right, proper
arouse awake
arraigned put on trial
arrayed dressed in fine clothes
arrogancy thinking they are better than others, stuck up
artificer (skilled worker) craftsman
ascendeth goes up
ascending (going up)
ascribing declare or belong to, blame
asp poisonous snake, cobra
assembly (group), gather together
assurance promise, confident
assured sure, to know
assuredly for sure, to know for sure
astray gone bad, fall away
asunder apart
atonement what Christ did for us, (substitute)
atones pays, satisfies
attain reach
attest show, point of, testify, tells truth of
attributed belong to, blame for,
attributes personality, habits, qualities
aught anything at all
austere stern, severe
authorizes give permission to, approves
availeth helps, be ready to help, be available
avenge get revenge
~~~~~ B ~~~~~  
babbling foolish, jabbering talking
Babylon wickedness; used to symbolize something bad; worldly; people who are bad
bade (asked), told, command
banished cast out
banner flag
barbarous very mean, they like to hurt others
bare born, naked, nothing grown, supported, shown
barges ships
base low, bad
bath liquid of about 8 gallons
bear shoulder, support, carry on, show, suffer, born
bearing (making), to have children, to endure pain
beast (animal)
beckoned waved to, called for
befell happened to
before (in front of)
beget (start generate), father, sire; had; have children; to come from
beguile fool, trick, deceive
beguiled (deceived), cheated, tricked
beheld (saw), observe, view
behold to announce, (let you know), attention
behooveth is necessary, (proper)
bemoan regret
beseech asked earnestly
beset attack from all sides
besom broom
besought asked
bestead (help), to fix, place, situated
bestir get going
bestow (give), put upon, offer
betwixt (between)
bidden commanded
bittern bird or animal
blasphemy speaking badly about God and sacred things
blot get rid of
blotted out erased
bondage be held by something; be made to do something by habit; slavery
bonds be held like a slave; something that holds you; being forced by something
bough limb, branch, twig; an extension of something
bounty generosity, goodness; to have money;
bowels the body; to have mercy
brazen made of brass; shameless; act mean or hard
breach split, (broken promise), to break open, break into
breadth width, (distance)
breastwork a low railing
bridle control
brier (thorny bushes)
brimstone burning sulfur
broken heart (deep grief)
brow forehead
bruise (crush), hurt, do harm to
byword a word many people use to cut others down, swear
~~~~~ C ~~~~~  
calamity (disaster), deep trouble
cankered pitted, damaged, corroded, made bad
captivate catch you, hold your attention
carcasses dead bodies
carnage blood, messy injuries, suffering, do a lot of damage
carnal worldly
carnally minded intentionally having bad thoughts in your mind, (world thoughts)
cast off rejected; throw out; turned away; not used any more
cast out (throw out), oust, make them go away, be driven out
caul (net around hair), hair nets
cease (stop), dissolve, quit
censured scolded, told off, punish; grounded; not allowed to do it; held back; disciplined
chaff worthless part of a head of wheat, outer covering of wheat kernel
charity pure love of Christ, (love with C)
chastened scolded, told off, punish; to become humble
chastity moral cleanliness, (C clean)
check to stop; not allow; control; regulate; also to find out if it is OK; look up
cimeter sword, weapon
circumspectly righteously
cite refer
clave split
cleave be faithful to, (join), hold, stick together, stay with
clefts cracks
cockatrice a deadly poisonous snake
combination a club or group of people who do bad things, plot against
comely attractive, good looking, fair, (handsome), beautiful
commanded (ordered), told to do it
commence start
commencement (beginning), at the start of
commending giving themselves to, refer, recommend, (willing submit with trust)
commit (promise), pledge, engage, involve
communion messages, instruction
compasseth flow, understand, successful, includes
compassion care about a lot, mercy; love
compelled forced to do it
compound put together
comprehend understand
comprehendeth (understand)
comprising made up of, including
concealed hidden
conceive get pregnant, established, thought of
conceived became pregnant, established, thought of
conception pregnancy, start, beginning
concern (worry), care
concerning (about)
concourses crowds, gatherings
concubines servant, second class wife, married to but has no inheritance like a regular wife
condemn (criticize), punish, be against
condemned stopped from further progress
condemns say it's bad
condescension kindly working with people who are lower than him, (coming down)
conduit (fountain), a tube going to, a way to; a pipe; being used by; going through
confederate a partner, in with, (united), joined in with, helping in a bad way
conferred give them to
confine limit, hold in
confirm help him know they are true, establish truth of
confoundeth to silence, make ashamed, confuse
consciousness awareness, knowing
consecrate (establish with C), dedicate to, bless, holy, sanctify
consecrated set aside, dedicated to
consequence (happen), result of, how it ends, what you get
consequences results, what happens because of what you did
consignation being assigned; (assignment); to be set apart; to mark; to trust with; be given
consigned given; trusted with; put in charge of
consisted (include), made up of, formed; the parts of
consoling comforting; to make feel better
conspire plot, plan; try to pull down; try to get
constellations formation of stars into something with meaning
constrained held back, (forced), will not let happen, prevent from doing; told to do
consult (talk) or counsel with, discuss, ask others, get opinions from others
consulted talked with, ask someone something
consuming destroying, covers up, eats up, fills
consumption finish, taking in
contempt scorn, disrespect, dislike someone
contend (struggle), debate, battle, argue
contended debated, argued
content (satisfied), comfortable, pleased
contentions fighting, arguing
contradict go against; argue with; be opposite of
contrary against; opposite
contrite humble, sincere, repentant heart, (deep crushing)
contrite sorrowful, humble, wants help
conversed talked with
convey take from one place to another, give to someone else
countenance (facial expression), a look that shows a persons nature or feelings
covenanted promised
covenants (promise)
covert hidden, sheltered, undercover, behind your back
covet wanting something unrighteously, jealous of what others have, want something
craftiness sneaky, tricky, being clever in a bad way; using tricks to fool someone
created (made); organize
creature (animals), living things;
creditors persons you owe money to
crisping pins purses or satchels
critical serious, important, or - criticize others, make fun of
cross confess, donít do it any more, stop
crusted punishment for, you have bad happen to you from God
cry (pray), talk, call out to, or - feel bad
cubit 18 inches
cumber obstruct; clutter
cunning sly, (trick),crafty, clever, sly
curse give them troubles, cast bad on, swear, say bad things about, (punish)
~~~~~ D ~~~~~  
dammed (limit); can't progress; sent to hell; live with Devil
daunted threatened, intimidated
dearth lack of rain, famine, not have something (rain none)
debtors people who owe you something
deceit untruth, lie
deceive fool, trick, cover up so they donít know what you did
deception trying to fool
declare (announce), say, tell
declined refused, turn down, say no
decree an order, rule, instruction, to tell what is going to be, make official rule,(proclamation)
defer hold back, (postpone), wait and do it later, turn some where else
defiance gone against rules on purpose, rebel, resist, not do what is right
defile abuse; make dirty; ruin; take advantage of; make it so it is not sacred
defy resist openly and boldly, go against, not do what you are told
degeneracy evil ways of living; becoming bad
deliberately on purpose
delighteth (excite), great joy, pleasure
denote say
denounces tells you to watch out for something, blame, criticize
depart (go away)
depravity really bad; wicked
deprive not let you have, keep from, take away
derangement mess
descending (come down)
designs plans
desolate (empty), bare, no vegetation, waste, no people
desolation bareness, waste, without any people, wiping away, making without life, (empty)
despair give up; hopelessness, (depress sad misery)
desperately very hard
despised hated, not liked, not respected
despisers have no respect for, people who are against it
despite hateful, not agree with, fight against
despitefully mean, scornfully, do it in a very bad way against you
destruction destroyed, (destroy)
detect find
determination going to do it no matter what, (motivate)
dethrone get rid of a king
devise make, create, figure out
devote do it with great interest, don't do much else, pay great attention to, faithful; dedicate
devoured eaten
devourer destroyer, Devil
dilemma trouble, hard situation, stuck
diligent faithful, (motivate)
diligently faithfully, keep trying, eager, stay on, constant, busy
disannul cancel
discern read, can tell what is in your mind, (notice with eye) or (notice with mind)
disciple follower of, student, (follow person)
disfigure look hungry or like you are suffering a lot, mess up, (appearance ruined), (destroyed)
disguise dressed so people won't know you, hide, cover up, (hide identity)
disowned kicked out, cut off from the beginning, not claim any more, (disconnect)
dispelled broken up, moved out of the way, clear away
dispensed given to
dispersed scattered
dispersion scattering, distribute, send to different places
dispositions desire, the way you feel
dispute argument
dispute (argue), your feeling against
disputing arguing with someone
dissension (quarrel), disagreement with, fight against
dissentions violent quarreling or disagreements, fighting
distinguish tell apart from others, know the difference between, (notice different)
distressing painful, frustrating, causes you to feel down
divers many, various
divulge tell
doctrine (teaching), facts, rules, belief of the church
doleful mourning, sad
dominate be everywhere, have power over, be stronger than, (control)
dominion (control), area you control
dormant asleep, not active
doth (do)
dreary depressing, sad
dreary sad, (lonely), depressing
dregs the bitter junk at the bottom of the cup, pay through nose, (waste), (worthless part thing)
droop bend over
dross scum, junk
dry shod with dry feet; with dry shoes; do it with out getting feet wet; with out touching water
dumb one who cannot talk
dunged fertilized
duration how long it lasts, length of time something continues, time
durst (dare)
dwell or dwelt (live)
dwindle get smaller
~~~~~ E ~~~~~  
earnestness seriousness, (serious)
effectual effective, one that works
elegant fancy
eloquent a good speaker
embarks leaves, begins
embassy person who gives someone else a message for you; (message person)
embrace welcome, include, hold in arms, love, accept, use
Emmanuel (Jesus Christ) also spelled Immanual
empowered given power to, be able to make happen
enable help, make so you can do it, give ability to do it
enacteth makes, starts, puts into place
encompasses surrounded, take in, covers
endeavor try
endure to last, to put up with, not give up, (continue)
engages starts
engrave to cut or etch in metal or wood
engulf swallow up; consume; be completely surrounded by
enjoins to join, command, order, prohibit, forbid
enmity (hate), bitter feeling
enormity big, largeness
enshroud to cover, put over
ensign (flag), symbol, something you look up to
ensnare trap, catch in a trick
entice (attract), lure, tempt, get someone to do it
enticed tempted, you got them to do it
entreated asked to do something
entrench get well established, refuse to move, dug in, (establish strong)
enumerated counted, to tell about, to tell more of, listed
envy jealous, wish you had, want, admire
ephah one bushel
epistle letter, writing of some person
equity fairness, justice, equal
err make mistakes, wrong, error, (mistake)
errand job, mission, task you have to do, assignment
essential absolutely necessary
esteemeth consider, like, how you feel about
everlasting (forever)
exalt rise up, make the very best
exalted (high in glory), very good, the best that it could be
exceed more than, do better than, pass the limit
exceeding (wow),greater than, much more, very much
excellent (very best, top), wonderful
excommunicated cut off, have membership taken away, kicked out, forcefully removed from organization
execute carry out, make happen, (act), do, to kill
exert try, attempt, push, make effort
exerted worked, put forth the effort, tried to do it
exhort (warn), caution, ask with great concern, encourage
exhorts urge, talk to very seriously, ask to do it
exile one who is kicked out of home, country, banned
expedient necessary, desire, wise, agree
expedite hurry, hasten, quicken, make happen faster, (desire)(fast)
expel remove, kick out, cast off
expound (explain), tell in more detail, make known
expressly very, for sure
extinct cease to exist completely, not any more of, gone
extolled praise, tell of, publish, make known
exult have a lot of joy, lift up, make high, higher place, better than it was before, rejoice
~~~~~ F ~~~~~  
faction a group apart from the normal group, brake away, not same as rest, wicked group
faculty capacity, your ability, (talent)
faggot bundle of twigs or sticks, sticks used for burning,
fain gladly, ready; or have to do it because of the situation, willing to do it but not happy to
fainted gotten weak, passed out, weak hearted, cowardly, give up, quit
famine times when there is not much food
famished give out, ( very hungry)
fared got along
fast hold tightly, or not eat, or go quickly
fatigued tired
felled cut down
feller tree cutter
fellowshipped accepted as friends, be friends with, socialize
ferocious fierce, savage, cruel, mean, (mean)
fervent intense, with great effort, very much so, great desire
fiery stinging, hurting, like fire, burning hot
filthy (dirty), not clean, sins
firmament (space) ,above earth, sky
firstlings the best ones, born first
flaxen plant spun into material or cords, pale, soft, light-colored
flesh people, children of, or meat, (skin)
flint very hard stone
flounder to stumble, to not succeed, to loose ones way
flourish get a long, prosper, grow
folly foolishness, silly
forasmuch (since), because
forebear patient, put up with
foreknowledge to know about it before it happens
foremost boss, top person, in the front, first, the best, better than the rest
foretold to tell before it happens, warn
formed (made), created
fornication sex between two unmarried people, sexual sin,
forsake leave behind, don't have any more to do with, give up
forsaken deserted, left out, (give up), stopped, empty
forsaking leaving, going away from
forswear break your promise, not keep a covenant, to make a false statement
fortify make it strong, build up, put walls around, defend, (strengthen)
foul bad, not good
founder one who started it
fowl any winged animal, (different birds)
frailties weaknesses
fraud lying, deceiving
frenzied all excited and mixed up
fret worry
from the womb from birth
fruitful growing, plentiful, multiply, reproduce
frustrated messed up, confused, not able to do what you want to do, cause to fail, block, stopped
fulfill (done), obey, make happen, come to pass, (satisfy)
fuller one who shrinks and thickens wool cloth with moisture and heat, clean, purify
furious very hard, wild, or angry
furthermost farthest away, not close
fury anger, to be very mad
~~~~~ G ~~~~~  
gainsaying contradicting, deny
gall annoy, irritate, distasteful, bitter
garb covering
garment piece of clothing
garners a place where grain is stored
generation from father to son, a span of time between, progress of time
gentile not a Jew, not a member, foreign
gin a trap for animals, there are several other modern meanings too, (trap)
gird put on, to put a belt around, to equip, furnish
girdle belt, something around the waist
glimmer little bit of light, small amount of
glut get too full, over filled, eat too much
gnash grit or grind teeth in anger, strike upon
grace (kindness)
grafted hooked up to, joined into, make a tree branch grow on another kind of tree
grasp hold
gratified taken care of, fulfilled
graven made from metal or wood, carved, sculptured
grieved sadness, broken hearted
grievously seriously sad
grosser worse part
guile sly plan, crafty, tricky, dishonest
guilt bad feeling because you did wrong, proof that you are wrong
gulf deep valley, big hole
~~~~~ H ~~~~~  
habitations houses, tents, a place where you live
hallowed made holy or sacred
halt crippled
handmaid woman servant, woman or girl attendant
harass be mean to, hassle, (bother)
harlots prostitutes, worldly women
harrow cause mental pain, to bother
hast (have)
hath (have)
haughty foolish, (great pride), act better than, look good to impress others
havoc great damage
heaps piles, lots of
hearken (heard), listen to
heathen uncivilized natives, someone who is not a part of the accepted culture, (not Christian)
hedge block, stop, keep from going
heed (attention), listen to, do what they say
heeded pay attention to
heirs one who gets the reward, inherit it, children of, (receive person)
help meet (wife), companion, (help together)
hemmed fenced, surrounded, held up or in
henceforth (from now on), thereafter, also
hereafter in the future
hereafter (in the future)
hew (cut) with ax or knife
hewn cut down
hinderment problem, something stopping you
hireling employee, worker
hiss (show of dislike), disapproval, mocking words, sound made by snake
hither (here)
hoisted lifted up
Holy One of Israel (Jesus Christ)
hosanna praise, save us
host a whole bunch of them, group of people or angles, (group)
howbeit how is it, however
humiliation feel laughed at or ridiculed, make fun of, feel humbled, be embarrassed, (make fun)
hurl throw, cast
hypocrite one who says one thing and does another, pretend to be good but are really not
~~~~~ I ~~~~~  
idol a statue made to worship, ( I shape)
idolatry worship of idols
ignominious shameful, disgraceful, humiliating, (not honorable)
ignorant lack of knowledge, not-know, rude, mean
ignorantly unknowingly, refuse to notice, in a mean way
illuminated lit up, made known
Immanual (Jesus Christ) also spelled Emmanuel
immerse bury, dip in completely, put under
immorality ability to live for ever, life after death
immortal will live forever
impart give
impede stop or get in the way of
impeded slowed down, not able to go
impenetrable can't get through it
impenitent won't repent
importunes asks, begs
in his stead in his place
in league with joined together with
inasmuch if
inasmuch as (seeing that)
incites gets people all excited and angry
incomprehensible not able to be understood, can't understand it totally
incorruptible can't be hurt, can't make bad, can't destroy, reassured, never decays
incur bring upon you, be obligated, receive
indebted owe
indeed (sure truth), that is correct, yes
indifference don't care attitude, doesn't matter one way or the other, no ambition, ignore
indignation anger
indolent lazy
indulge get involved in, become a part of, partake of
industrious (busy), hard worker, (eager), diligent
inexpressible can't explain, can't put into words, no way to say it
infidelity not be faithful in marriage, lack of loyalty
infinite doesn't end, (forever)
infirmities imperfections, sicknesses, pains, weaknesses
inflame arouse passions, make short tempered, make angry
inflict put, do something to someone or something
inflicting putting, doing to, applying
infused put into, mix together, inspire
inhabitant (people)
iniquity (wicked), doing bad things, sin, unrighteous acts
injustice not fair, bad things happen that are not right
innumerable a great many, too many to count
inquire ask, try to find out
instructed (teach), tell, give information to
insurrection people going against their leaders, rising up against, (rebel)
intercession (plead), negotiate, act for, help, stand in for
intercourse talk to, have to do with, travel, have association with
interposition (help), going to bat for, making excuse for
interpret explain, translate
interpreters Urim and Thummim, glass rocks the prophet can see into the future with
intrigue sneaky, do in secret, also to make curious, to be fascinated by
isles island
~~~~~ J ~~~~~  
jot tiny bit
justified okay, approved of, accepted, (balance with F)
justify to balance, answer for, make excuse for, reason for
~~~~~ K ~~~~~  
keep follow, obey, do
kindle (start)
kindred families, related to, group of families, related people, alike
Kingdom of God (heaven), Church, Christ's Kingdom
kinsfolk related family, kin, relatives
knowledge (learning), things you know, (know)
~~~~~ L ~~~~~  
laden loaded down, heavy on you, weighted down with, heavy responsibility
Lamb of God (Jesus Christ)
lament weep, be sad, (confess), admit, cry over
lamentations sadness, mourning, crying, weeping
lasciviousness unclean thoughts and desires about sex
lashed tied to, connected, also whipped or beaten
learned (knows everything), well educated
leprous have a bad skin disease called leprosy, (skin disease)
lest for fear of, except, in case
liberal generous
liberally generously, much
light (Jesus Christ)
list desire, want
lo see, look
loathe sicken with hate, donít like
loathsome rotten, awful, (sicken with hate), donít like
lofty (pride)
lop cut off
lowliness humility, poor, (humble)
Lucifer Satan
lucre money
lust want in a wrong way, sexual desire for
luster brightness, shine
~~~~~ M ~~~~~  
majestic (very grand and high), in a wonderful way
majesty (King), noble person, greatness
malice wanting to harm someone, bad feelings for
mammon worldly stuff, wickedness
manifest (make known), show something to, reveal, (show)
manifested revealed, make known, (show)
manner (habit), custom, way
mantle (cape),a coat, fancy robe, also the look about you, your countenance
martyrs people who are killed because of their religion
massacred brutally killed or injured , usually means a group of people killed, (kill + + +)
mattock (hoe), flat pick
meat (food), substance, a thing
mediator Savior, someone who acts for you
meek gentle, kind, (humble), teachable
melody (music)
merit deserve, (action)
Messiah (Jesus Christ)
Messianic to do with Christ, of the Messiah. (Christ Like)
Messias the Greek word for Messiah
mete give out, share, measure
midst in between, in the middle of, among, (center)
mighty (strong), have power
migrate travel to some other place, (travel), move
millennial refers to the 1000 years when Christ will be here
millennium Christ's 1000 year reign on the earth
mincing (tip-toe), walk with pride, acting smart in bad way
mingleth mix together, associate with
minister help someone, take care of their needs, encourage
ministry (church service), preaching, mission
miraculous by a miracle, (wonderful happen)
mire deep mud
misery (very sad), grief, suffering, trouble
mist (wet fog), cloud, something filling the air
mistress the queen, the lady someone works for, also someone you are having an affair with
mock ridicule, make fun of, persecute
moldering rotting, destroying
molest hurt, bother, do bad things to, (take advantage of)
more tolerable easier, able to stand it better
moreover (also), added, and in addition to
mortal earthly, to do with this life on earth
mote small piece of wood, sliver
mourned sad, felt bad about, cried
muffler (scarf or shawl worn around throat)
multiples (many many), increase, groups
multiply increase, add to, have kids
multitude many people, group of people
murmur (complain), gripe, talk against, mumble as you talk bad about someone
mustereth gather, to get, gain, take hold of, join
~~~~~ N ~~~~~  
nativity place of birth, birth, start of, beginning place
naught nothing, of no account, not worth anything
negotiate work out an agreement, bargain, make a deal with
nethermost lowest, farthest down, far away
nigh almost, close, (near)
not withstanding no matter, regardless of, besides
notable worth mentioning, important, better or different than some other
nowise no way, will not
nurture training, nourishment, take care of
oath strong promise, to make a promise
obligated had to, expected to do it, under contract, (responsible)
oblige (obey), do favor in kindness, willing to do it
obscurity (hide), nobody knows about it, unknown, dark
observe (follow), understand, see, watch, notice
obstinate stubborn, won't do it
obstruction something in the way, (block)
occasioned caused, made happen
offense trouble, something you did wrong, against the law or rules
offspring children, descendents of
omnipotent all powerful, full of power, no limit to power
opposition against, the other side, the enemy, opposite
oppress (burden), heavy pressure, worry, hurt, persecute
oppressor (harshly ruler), dictator, enemy
orator speaker, someone giving a speech
ordained (bless with O), set apart to office, called of God, hands put on head and given something
ornament a decoration, decorate
overbearance bossy, dominating, not giving a choice, doing it in a way that is trying to force
~~~~~ P ~~~~~  
pacified (feel peace), willing to wait now, hold off, taken care of for now, calm
pacify to make peace with, to stall, to keep waiting, to satisfy for now, make calm
pangs pain, fear, wanting
partake (take), eat or drink, be involved in
partial like one more than the other, favor
particular (specific), very exact, also different, unusual
passion strong emotion shown in things like hate, love, joy, fear, sexual desires or jealousy
pastor priest, minister in a church
penalty the punishment you receive, what you have to pay for a mistake
penetrate (pierce), go inside of, also to understand, get through
penitent sinner who has finished repenting, being sorry, humble
peradventure maybe, perhaps, possibly, by chance
perceive (understand), catch picture, recognize, discern
perdition hell, no glory, where the Devil will live
perish (fade away), die, be gone, spoil, destroy
perpetrate to make something bad happen, be guilty of, commit
persecute mock, try to hurt, make fun of, make it hard for someone,
persist to continue, stick with it, keep going, not give up
persuade (convince), try to get someone to do it
pertain related, concern, (connect), belong
pertaining related to, concerning, connected to, belong to
perverse really wicked, bad, distorted, not following the normal or accepted way
pervert distort, change in a bad way, go from right to wrong
pester bother, keep after, ask over and over
pestilence (disease), sickness
petition ask for help, seek advice
pitch (set up)
plague cause a lot of trouble, harass, give trouble, also a mass sickness upon the people
plagued bothered with, have trouble with, constantly upon you
plunder to loot, wreck, (steal)
plunged throw, force down, dive, rush into, force
plural more than one, many
polluted dirty, not clean, filthy, not good for use any more
pomp proud, fancy, big celebration
ponder think about, meditate on
possess (have), own
posterity children, descendents, those of your own children who live after you
precarious very dangerous, at great risk, in a sticky situation, very fragile position, about to fall
preceded lived before, come before, in front of
precept teaching, a principle, a rule
precious very valuable, costly, great, (dear)
prefigured suggest before, know ahead
preparator person prepare it, one who starts it, (prepare person)
prescribe recommend, suggest, suggest what to do
preservation keeping save, to not let spoil
preside be in charge of, rule over, control, be the one to decide
prevail (success), win, endure to end
prey (kill), victim, something being chased, animal or person being hunted
priestcrafts things wicked priests do to lead the people away, teaching for money, wicked teaching
primarily mainly, mostly
privation without needed things, to have to do without or go without
privily secretly, private, not known
probation (testing), trial, on restriction,
proceeding (go on), doing, the one before, process, also a meeting
proclaim (announce), preach, tell
procrastinate put off, donít do until later, postpone
profaned misused, abuse sacred words or things, make fun of
profess claim, say, teach, tell what you think
profit (benefit), (learn), thing gained
profound wonderful, exceptional, way better than expected
prolonged made longer, lengthened, stretch out
prophesy (let know), declare, predict, (see future)
prophet has seen and talked with God, one who can see future, (see future person)
propose suggest, tell how you think it should be
prosper (succeed), have good things come to you
prosperous well off, (successful), rich, have been blessed
prostrate flat, collapsed, out cold, laying out on ground
proverb wise saying
providence good luck, having a lot of divine guidance
provision supplies, make way for
provoke make angry, irritate, (bother), shun, stir up to anger, dare
prudent (wise), careful with, good with money, don't waste things
prudently in a careful way, wisely
pruning hooks tool to trim fruit with
purge (clean), move out, take away sin, get rid of
~~~~~ Q ~~~~~  
quiver pouch that holds arrows
~~~~~ R ~~~~~  
raca act like you never make mistakes and like to embarrass people who do
racked in pain, tormented, terrible depression because of
raging dangerous, roaring, angry, out of control
Rahab (sea serpent), also name of a harlot who helped Joshua's spy
railing punishing, mocking and laughing at, being mean to
raiment clothing
rallies gather, encourages
ransom money paid to trade for something held captive
ransom traded, (save), ask money in trade for someone or thing, amount to be paid
ransomed paid to set something free
rash too quickly, done without thinking first
ravening vicious
ravenous greedy, hungry, (selfish)
ravished raped, captured, get carried away in a good or a bad way
reap harvest, take in, (gather)
rebuke (blame), sharp scolding, chastise, punish, criticize
receded gone away, gone down, move back or away from
reception receiving, (receive)
reckon figure, count up, make account of, think of
reclaim take back
recompense (reward), to repay, (pay back)
reconciled go along with
reconciled forgive, make up for, make right, atonement
record write in book, make history, write down, (book)
recounting giving in detail, telling the story again
redeem (save), trade for, turn in for something better
redemption to set free, pay for, what Christ did for our sins, (save W/R)
redoubled increased, again and again, extra effort
refrain hold back, keep from doing
refuge safety, safe place, protection from danger,
refuse worthless
regard (respect), have a liking for, take as, look up to
regulation put in order, a rule, something that tells you what you should do
reign (rule), be responsible for, take charge of, authority over
reigneth (rule), time of being in charge
reins lower back or kidney being symbolic of emotions and afflictions
relinquished give up, let go
reluctant resist, unwilling, don't want to (don't want don't want)
reluctantly they didn't want to do it but had to anyway
remission forgiveness, paid for, (remove take away)
remnants remaining pieces
remorse regret, sadness for sins, sorry, feel bad
rendered tear apart, rip
rendered give up, made into
renowned famous
rent tear apart, rip
repetitions saying the same things over and over, (say again again)
replenished get teachings, get filled, fill up, do again, bring more, (expand)
reproach accuse and blame for, rebuke, disgrace, blaming, shame, correct, (criticize)
reprove correct, punish, discipline
repugnant disgusting, bad
repulsed driven back, refused
requisite required
residue the rest of, the part left over
resolve decide, make right, fix a problem
respecter prejudiced, plays favorites with people, (criticize person)
restrain stopped, hold back, (limit)
resumes starts again
retain keep, keep from going, hold
retroactive going back in time, effects the ones before it, counts for all the ones done
reveal (let know), show, bring to light
revels delights, has much pleasure
revile (scold), call bad language, make fun of
reviled rebelled against, say bad things about, (scold)
reviling scolding, saying bad things about, laugh at
revive get healthy, make new, bring back to life
righteousness good, obeyed God, live commandments
riotous wicked, bad, out of control
roe a deer
rule (preside), (control), guide
~~~~~ S ~~~~~  
sackcloth rough cloth made of goats hair, worn as a sign of sorrow, (clothes)
Saints good members of church, (S member)
sally to go forward, to come out of, come down
sanctified clean, purify, holy sacred, made holy, (make clean), (clean with S)
sanctuary place of safety or protection, (holy place)
satyrs lustful nature in a man, word comes from Greek mythology daemons
save (except) or but also keep or not throw away
savor flavor, value, of great worth
scantiness very little
scepter a stick carried to show authority
scoffing making fun of, laugh at
score 20 years
scorn make fun of, mock, cast out
scourge cause trouble, mock, whip or flog, (punish), beat
search (study), seek, hunt
secreted hidden, not in open, under cover
seduce talk someone into doing something foolish or wicked, tempt, talk into having sex with
seer like a prophet, someone who can see past present and future, (see future person)
selfsame exactly the same, identical
sensual worldly, physical pleasures, sexual pleasures, devilish
sepulcher a special cave used to bury someone in, tomb
seraphim a symbolic 6 winged heavenly being, (angel)
sermon speech, lecture, talk
serpent (snake), symbol of (Devil) and also of Christ in scriptures
severally individually, separately
severity strictness, hardness, hard to endure
sharpness (strictness), exact, say in a way it might hurt, blunt talk
sheaves a bundle of cut grain stalks, used as symbol of people in group
shewest (show)
shorn shaved, cut their hair
sickle a special knife or tool used to harvest grain
signify show, proof, stand for
similitude likeness, same as
sinew tendon, symbol of physical strength
slacken to make loose, let go, not keep up, not careful
slackened relaxed, loosened, did not keep doing
slain killed by someone, dead
slothful lazy, not doing what is right
slumber a light sleep, also death
smitten (mashed), (punish), hit, put down, (hit hard)
sober serious, not drunk, humble
Sodom a wicked city in the Old Testament that was destroyed by fire
sojourn travel
sole only one, single
solemn serious, deep in thought, humble
solemnity seriousness, humility
Son of Man (Jesus Christ)
soothsayers fortune tellers
sorceries witchcraft
sore bad, hard to take, heavy burden
sorrow (sorry)
sought wanted, went after, tried to get, look for, search
sow plant, put in your mind, live a life of
space an amount time, also distance or area
spacious big, lots of room, very large
spake (spoke)
spanned reached across, covered, a period of time
spoil (prize), taken in war, also ruin, commit sin
spurn turn away from, refuse with contempt or scorn, reject
state condition, case, (situation)
statues laws, rules
stature body size, how big or small you are
steadfast unchanging, firm, unwavering, always do what is right
steadfastly firmly, with out question
steadfastness faithfulness, do good with out question
stiffnecked hard hearted, unwilling to mind, do what they want, (stubborn)
stiffneckedness stubbornness, rebellion, going against
stimulate cheer them on, (encourage)
stomacher a fancy piece of clothing in the shape of a triangle worn over the chest
stoutness brave, full of courage, strong
straightway immediately, next thing, right now
strait narrow, hard to go between, not easy to obtain (NOTE: straight means not crooked)
straiten to discipline, to correct, to make do what is right through punishment
stratagem a plan, a clever way to do it, a plan of war, can be a trick way to do it
strewed spread all over the place, scattered
stricken in years old
strife argument, disagreement between, not getting along
stripes whippings, number of hits with a whip
stripling young and strong, obedient, firm
strive (try very hard), struggle, work with, (try)
stubble not worth anything, straw left uncut, short end or section of, left over
stupor foggy minded, in a daze of thought, mixed up, (confuse)
subdue (overcome), take over, get control of, make mind, bring under control
subject (put under), depend on, take control of
subjection make a slave of, someone rules over you, put under you rule
submissive give in easy, humble yield, easy to teach
subsist survive, keep going
subtil (clever), crafty, (sly)
subtle (clever), crafty, (sly)
subtlety clever way, craftiness, sly way of doing, (sly)
succor aid, take care of when sick or in need, (help)
suckling nursing, young
sue beg, ask for
suffer let, allow
sufficieth it is enough, finished, sufficient, (satisfy)
supplicating to make a humble request, ask, pray to God
sworn promise, take an oath
synagogues Jewish church house
~~~~~ T ~~~~~  
tabernacle (roof of worship), tent used for worship now days it is a large church building, temple
tablet flat piece of wood or metal with words on it
tabret tambourine, musical instrument
tarry remain, rest, (stay)
temperate careful, wise, mild
tempest violent storm, (bad storm)
temporal body, worldly, (earth), short
temporally physically, of this earth, short
testify (declare), let know, tell someone your belief of
thee you
thence therefore, thus
thenceforth from then on
therefore (happen)
therein in there, in that way, because of that
thereof (afterward), after that, from that thing
thickets bushes
thine (your)
thither there, that place
thou (you)
thrice (three times)
thrive do very well, succeed, make good
thus so, exactly, example therefore (happen)
thy (your)
tidings (news), greetings, teachings, news, (information)
till until, also to plow
tittle tiny part
to dress it take care of it
to keep it clean it
toil work, labor, burden
toiled worked on, work at, did it
tongue a language people speak
torment pain, to bother, torture, (suffer)
torment make some one have pain, suffer pain, torture
torments temptations put on you, pain you suffer, suffering
trample step on or run over by foot, put down
transcend go beyond, more than, exceed
transfiguration changed to a higher form of life or condition in life
transform (change), make different, become something else
transformation changed into something else
transgressing committing a sin, braking the commandment, doing bad
transgression (sin), something you did wrong, breaking a law
transgressor sinner, someone who broke the law
transpired it has happened, finished, (happen)
travails troubles, toils, (hard work), a lot of pain
treacherously in an evil or bad way, mean, (dangerously)
tree of knowledge (live & die) good and bad, tree in garden of Eden representing good and evil
tree of life immortality, (live forever), tree in garden of Eden representing eternal life
trespasses (sins), things you do wrong when you know they are wrong
tribunal judgment, court, Law
tribute taxes paid, also attention given to, to honor
trifle think no big deal, make fun of, play around with
triumphant victorious, to win, (win)
tumults noisy uproars, unruly crowds
tumultuous loud noise, horrible
twain together with some one, double, (two)
typifies symbolizes, is an example of, is like, similar
typifying symbol, doing it like something, make an example of
tyrant a bad or mean person, wicked king or ruler
~~~~~ U ~~~~~  
unalterable can't be changed, set, will always be the same
unauthorized without permission, doing when told not to, have no authority to do it
uncircumcised people won't follow God, disobedient, unwilling to do as told by God
undaunted won't quit, not afraid, not discouraged
unquenchable cant be put out, can't satisfy
unstable not steady, weak, undependable
unto to
unwearyingness hard work, toils
upheavals tearing apart, awful change, throwing around
uphold support, agree with, be loyal to, defend
uprightly righteously, in a good way
uproar lots of talking and concern, in a mess, confused situation
usurped took by forced, go beyond your authority, took over when wrong to do it
utter speak, to say, (make known), reveal
utterly (surely), completely, whole
uttermost (farthest away)
~~~~~ V ~~~~~  
vain useless, not worth anything, prideful, worldly, always thinking of ones self
vale valley
valiant might, courageous, does what is right, (brave), faithful
vanity (nothing), worthless, pride, self centered, (look at self)
vapor fog, smoke, a covering of some kind in the air
variableness not dependable, always different, (change + + +)
vengeance seek wicked justice, paying back for evil deeds, do in anger, (revenge)
venture risk, decide to take a chance, try it
verified prove true, confirm, make sure it is right
verily therefore, for sure, thus, and so, truly, (sure)
verily, verily hear this, attention attention, therefore, now I say, (very very truth)
vessel a bowl, a boat, or a person acting for someone else like acting for the Lord
vestige part left over from before, disappeared
vex to make trouble for, cause pain, annoy, distress, (bother)
vigor energy, strength
vilest most evil, very very worst, awful
vineyard where grapes are grown, symbol of the world or a place where people live
viol a ancient harp like musical instrument usually with 6 strings
virtue goodness , value, morally clean, pure, untouched, (V clean)
visage the look on your face, countenance, appearance, (face)
visionary making up things from dreams, seeing visions
visitations punishments, events, the acts of the Lord at the end of the world, visited by
vital necessary, very important
void empty, nothing there
vouching promising, standing up for, guaranteeing, (promise)
~~~~~W ~~~~~  
wage money paid, reward, also can be to start something, (carry on)
waged fought, started something like a war
wager carry on, to enter into like a bet or a war, engage
wail cry, mourn, carry on in a loud crying manner
wallowing wading or rolling in
wanton sexually loose, immoral, worldly, not a good person
wax grow, increase, become
waxed became, grew
weaned not nursing anymore, brake away from, (disconnect)
weary (tired)
welfare (comfort), (need), well being, help
whence from what place, from where, from what source
wherefore (why), for what reason, which, therefore
wherewithal with what, have the means to do it, able to do it
whims things you want without thinking, things they want to believe
whit every little bit
whither to what place, where, wherever they want to go, (where)
whithersoever to what ever place, wherever, (no matter where)
whore woman who is bad, prostitute, something that is evil or against God, Satan's church
wilderness (no people), waste, barren, empty, (dry land)
wiles tricks
willfully on purpose
wilt (will you)
wimple (hat with scarf)
wine bibber someone who drinks too much, drunkard, (drunk)
wist where, to know
wither dry up, shrink
wizards sorcerer, persons who do magic
wo or woe alas, poor, sorrow, its too bad, oh my, warning
Word (Jesus Christ)
wrath (angry), be mad at, have anger toward
wrest purposely change the meaning of a scripture
wretched unhappy, miserable
writ scripture
wroth angry, mad at, showing great anger
wrought (work), made happen
~~~~~ X~~~~~  
~~~~~ Y ~~~~~  
ye (you)
yield give in to, do as told, also can mean what is grown like a Crop or results
yielding (plenty),giving in to, bending with, becoming like, also can mean to give or bring, grow
yoke thing across your shoulders to carry things with, a burden, something you are a slave to
~~~~~ Z ~~~~~  
zeal diligent, enthusiasm, excited to do something, want to do it very bad
Zion God's people, place where righteous live, home land for Jews

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Last Updated on 2 July 1999
By Cordell Vail

count started 02 July 1999